Control on Growth-Out and Hemocyte Production of Scalloped Spiny Lobster (Panulirus homarus) and Pronghorn Spiny Lobster (P. penicullatus) in Floating Cages
Mariculture of spiny lobster (Panulirus) has been developed to enhances seafood production. However, adult spiny lobster not limited for seafood but also for hemocyte production. Hemocyte may able use for microbial endotoxin screening that infect human. This study conducted to evaluated about production and control of adult spiny lobster not only for seafood product but also to yield hemocyte. Two species were cultured i.e. scalloped spiny lobster (P. homarus) and pronghorn spiny lobster (P. penicillatus) captive in pre adult size to adult size within six months. Five hundred spiny lobster in total from 300 individuals of scalloped spiny lobster and 200 individual of pronghorn spiny lobster were cultured in floating cages with feed fresh mangrove snail (Telescopium telescopium) meat. Results showed two distinct population from two species of lobsters yielded different body weight assumed as fast growth and slow growth. Adult scalloped spiny lobster with fast growth produces more hemocyte compared to slow growth but not for pronghorn spiny lobster that tend to similar. Scalloped spiny lobster suitable as animal model to produce hemocyte that useful for microbial endotoxin screening in future.